Health

No10’s former scientific adviser says ministers should delay June 21 reopening by a ‘few weeks’

Boris Johnson today insisted ‘there still remains nothing in the data’ to mean June 21’s ‘Freedom Day’ has to be pushed back, despite mounting calls for the end of social distancing to be delayed so millions more Britons can get fully vaccinated. 

The Prime Minister’s official spokesman said today that No10 had ‘always expected’ cases to rise when the main lockdown ended in May – which they did last week, alarming scientists – and ministers would ‘look very closely at the data over this coming week’.

The statement came amid growing calls for June 21’s lockdown-ending to be postponed, with Downing Street’s former chief scientific adviser today saying the Indian variant meant restrictions should continue for a few weeks and jabs be rolled out to teenagers as soon as possible.

Sir David King, who held Sir Patrick Vallance’s role for eight years before stepping down in 2008, said the data was ‘in now’ to show plans to ease restrictions must be pushed back ‘right away’.

He told Sky News Covid hospitalisations were ‘slowly rising’. Department of Health data showed there were 932 people in the UK’s hospitals suffering from Covid on June 3, the latest available. This was up by around 7.5 per cent on the 867 the week before.

Sir David said: ‘I’m very reluctant to say that we should not go out of lockdown on June 21 but I think the figures are in now, and it will be wise for the Government to announce right away a delay in opening, just so that we can all plan for the post June 21 period.’

Asked for how long, he said: ‘I would give a few weeks’ delay and see how the figures are emerging. So, I don’t know how long. As the Prime Minister has said, it’s data, not dates, that we should be governed by, and that’s response as well.’

Mr Johnson’s spokesman said today: ‘There still remains that there is nothing in the data currently to suggest Step Four can’t go ahead at the earliest date. But we do need to look very closely at the data over this coming week.’

Sir David King today urged ministers to announce a delay to easings 'right away' because hospitalisations had risen

Boris Johnson (left, pictured today) will ‘look very closely at the data over this coming week’, his spokesman said. Sir David King, former chief scientific adviser, urged ministers to delay lockdown easings ‘right away’ because hospitalisations had risen

The spokesman continued that this week ‘will be crucial to decide and really to get a sense of the data, particularly on hospitalisations and whether or not the excellent vaccine rollout programme has sufficiently severed that link between the increase in cases, which we always expected to happen, particularly after Step Three, and that subsequently leading to hospitalisations and deaths’.

Asked if there is evidence of a third wave, the spokesman said: ‘We can see that the cases are rising in the UK, that is both due to the increased transmissibility of the Delta (Indian) variant, and to a certain extent the opening up of measures taken in Step Three.’ 

Britain’s mammoth vaccination rollout has reached more than three-quarters of adults but scientists have warned that a third wave triggered by a highly transmissible variant could cripple the NHS once again. 

SAGE models cautioned Covid hospital admissions could pass 5,000 per day in August if the Indian variant is 40 per cent more transmissible than the Kent strain, which Matt Hancock yesterday suggested it was.

But Chris Hopson, the chief executive of NHS Providers which represents hospitals across the country, slammed the mathematical predictions made throughout the pandemic as being crude and unreliable.

He told the Telegraph trust leaders were ‘sceptical’ about the predicted sky-high surge and Indian variant hotspots had not seen the huge spike in admissions predicted and many were coping well because vaccines have ‘broken the chain’ between infection and serious illness. Bolton — the first place to experience an outbreak of the Indian variant — is now seeing hospitalisations fall.

Sir David said: ‘I’m very reluctant to say that we should not go out of lockdown on June 21, but I think the figures are in now, and it will be wise for the Government to announce right away a delay in opening, just so that we can all plan for the post June 21 period.’

Children aged 12 and over could receive doses in August

Ministers are making plans to vaccinate children aged 12 and over as early as August, the Daily Mail understands.

The Government’s key advisory group on vaccines will advise in the coming weeks on how to proceed with the rollout. But plans are afoot to give jabs to secondary school pupils before the end of the summer holidays if it is recommended by the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI).

Last week the UK’s Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency approved the use of the Pfizer vaccine in those aged 12-15.

Yesterday Matt Hancock said there were ‘plenty of good reasons’ for inoculating children, despite it being ‘very rare’ that young people are ‘very negatively’ affected by the virus.

The Health Secretary told Sky News’ Trevor Phillips on Sunday programme: ‘The spread among children does have an impact on others and, critically, we know how much it disrupts education as well. There is this problem of long Covid in some children who test positive.

‘So, there are plenty of good reasons to do this but we will also want to be very careful and listen to the scientific advice on exactly what approach to take.’

Mr Hancock also confirmed that adults under the age of 30 will be invited to book their vaccine appointment from this week. The Government has set a target for every adult in the UK to be offered a first dose by the end of July, and expects all adults over 50 to have been offered two doses by June 21.

Mr Hancock said the vaccines had ‘severed but not broken’ the link between a rise in cases and an increase in the number of people being admitted to hospital. He said: ‘The majority of people going into hospital right now are unvaccinated.’

The Royal College of General Practitioners said that in some areas, GPs have already vaccinated all those eligible and so have already moved to the under-30s cohort.

The news comes as people who have been contacted to bring forward their second vaccine appointment are being urged to rebook as soon as possible, in a bid to combat the spread of the Indian strain.

The JCVI recommended in May that the second dose interval should be reduced from 12 weeks to eight for those aged 50 and over, as well as the clinically vulnerable.

More than 40million people across the UK have so far had a first jab.

It comes as:

  • Adults under the age of 30 will be invited to book their coronavirus vaccine appointment from this week;
  • An NHS chief said patients being admitted to hospital with Covid-19 were now younger, got less sick and went home sooner; 
  • It emerged that ministers downgraded Portugal from the green travel list to amber after just 1.5 per cent of arrivals from the country tested positive for Covid;
  • Tony Blair said fully-vaccinated Britons should be given more freedom to travel abroad in a bid to boost the jabs take-up; 
  • Figures showed that thousands of separated and divorced parents have lost contact with their children because of the pandemic’s impact on the courts; 
  • Tory MP Tom Tugendhat, who chairs the Commons foreign affairs committee, said there were ‘strong suggestions’ that Covid-19 leaked from a laboratory in China; 
  • People looking for love online will be able to see if their potential match has been vaccinated in a government bid to increase uptake of the jab;
  • Britain recorded 5,341 cases yesterday, up 64 per cent in a week, and four deaths from the virus.

Calling for Freedom Day to be pushed back by a few weeks, the Cambridge University professor said any pause should last for at least a few weeks. 

‘I would give a few weeks’ delay and see how the fingers are emerging. So, I don’t know how long,’ he told Sky News.

‘As the Prime Minister has said, it’s data, not dates, that we should be governed by, and that’s response as well.’

Professor Gupta echoed his words, saying returning to normal life on June 21 ‘may not be in everyone’s best interests’.

‘The views of scientists such as myself and others reflects the fact that we want this to be the last lockdown that we ever go into, and we do not want to go into a reverse situation which would be much more damaging to the economy, people’s businesses and long-term welfare.’

Professor Gupta added that people should not forget the virus is ‘still mutating’ to become better at avoiding vaccine-triggered immunity.

‘The more transmissions that are allowed to happen, the greater the chance of these new added variants arising.

‘We are not achieving the limitation of new infections in the way that we need to remain fully open as a society in the long term.

‘I think that, once we do suppress the virus and get vaccination up to 80 per cent, including young people, then we can continue that strategy with boosting in the years to come.

‘We are in a situation where we could obtain huge gains just by a little bit more work.’

Officials identified a new variant of the virus last week linked to travel to Nepal, which could spark a slowdown in lockdown easing plans.

Scientists fear the strain combines the worst features of the Indian variant with the South African variant, which is better able to dodge vaccine-triggered immunity.

Chris Hopson, chief executive at NHS Providers which represents hospital trusts across England, slammed modelling by SAGE advisers of surges in Covid hospitalisations throughout the pandemic. He said these were crude and unreliable

Professor Ravi Gupta, who has advised the Government's Covid response, said a delay of 'a few weeks rather than months' may be needed in order to closely monitor hospitalisations

Chris Hopson, chief executive at NHS Providers which represents hospital trusts across England, slammed modelling by SAGE advisers of surges in Covid hospitalisations throughout the pandemic. He said these were crude and unreliable. Professor Ravi Gupta, who has advised the Government’s Covid response, said a delay of ‘a few weeks rather than months’ may be needed in order to closely monitor hospitalisations

Furious Tory MPs urge ministers not to ‘move the goalposts’ after Matt Hancock said he was ‘absolutely open’ to delaying Freedom Day 

Tory MPs reacted with fury last night after Matt Hancock said he was ‘absolutely open’ to delaying Freedom Day.

The Health Secretary refused to rule out keeping face masks and home working beyond June 21, when the Government had hoped to remove all legal limits on social contact.

Mr Hancock said the unlocking could be pushed back if the data called for it – amid suggestions there could be a two-week delay. But his downbeat comments triggered anger among senior backbenchers.

Tory MP Sir Desmond Swayne said ministers were ‘wasting the advantages afforded by the success of vaccinations’.

He added: ‘The original mission statement was to save lives by protecting the NHS. We’ve done that.

‘The more it moves the goalposts, the more people will be made redundant.’

The Daily Telegraph today reported that measures including face masks, social distancing and working from home were likely to remain in place past June 21 due to lingering concern over the Indian variant.

Surveillance has spotted its genome at least 43 times in the UK, according to COG-UK, with the first case spotted in Britain on April 24. Almost 40 per cent of total infections were analysed last week.

It has already been blamed for sparking holiday misery for millions after Portugal was switched to the ‘amber list’ for travel, with the Nepal variant thought to have played a part in the move. Ministers also say cases are rising in the country, which could be re-imported to the UK. 

But No10’s top scientists have said Britain cannot keep ‘running down a rabbit hole’ every time a new strain of the virus is identified.

Ministers will not decide whether to delay lockdown easing plans until June 14, a week before restrictions were due to be lifted. Sources told the Telegraph the decision hinged on the impact of the Indian variant in Covid hotspots. Data shows admissions are already falling in Bolton.

A source told the newspaper: ‘The scientists are more in favour of a two-week extension and that is certainly one of the options that has been put in the papers for ministers.’

It reported that the Government was concerned over a faster-than expected increase in Covid cases. But sources said the absence of a spike in hospitalisations would reassure ministers when making the decision next week. 

It comes as Mr Hopson slammed SAGE scientists for their predictions of sky-high admissions during the first and second waves, telling The Telegraph these were repeatedly crude and unreliable.

He said: ‘For the record, trust leaders are sceptical of the value of predictive statistical models here, given their performance of the last 15 months.

‘Leaders point to crude assumptions that have to be made and the huge shifts in outcome if small changes are made to those assumptions.’

He added: ‘Leaders in “front of wave” hotspots are now seeing community infection and Covid inpatient numbers declining. 

‘They feel they’ve coped well with this latest surge. Nobody wants to be too definitive, but there is increasing confidence that in hotspots for this pattern of variant, vaccines have broken the chain between Covid infection and high levels of hospitalisation and mortality in previous waves. This confirms trial data and feels very significant.’

Covid cases in Bolton — a hotspot for the Indian variant — began to fall on May 17 after ministers sparked surge testing to root out every case of the virus. Its neighbour Blackburn with Darwen is now the nation's hotspot

Covid cases in Bolton — a hotspot for the Indian variant — began to fall on May 17 after ministers sparked surge testing to root out every case of the virus. Its neighbour Blackburn with Darwen is now the nation’s hotspot

Data from Bolton NHS Foundation Trust shows hospitalisations with the virus in the area are now also starting to fall

Data from Bolton NHS Foundation Trust shows hospitalisations with the virus in the area are now also starting to fall

Blackburn with Darwen — the nation's Covid hotspot suffering a major outbreak of the Indian variant — is still seeing its cases rise. But its pandemic curve is behind Bolton's

Blackburn with Darwen — the nation’s Covid hotspot suffering a major outbreak of the Indian variant — is still seeing its cases rise. But its pandemic curve is behind Bolton’s

East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, which provides medical care in Blackburn with Darwen, has published data showing its Covid hospitalisations remain largely flat at present

East Lancashire Hospitals NHS Trust, which provides medical care in Blackburn with Darwen, has published data showing its Covid hospitalisations remain largely flat at present

Just 1.5% of Portugal travellers tested positive for Covid before ministers downgraded country’s travel status 

Ministers downgraded Portugal’s travel status from green to amber after just 1.5 per cent of travellers tested positive for Covid over two weeks in a sample, it emerged yesterday.

Three positive cases were spotted out of 200 travellers coming from Portugal between May 6 and May 19.

The positive samples were sent for genomic sequencing for detecting mutant variants, but it is not clear if any were found. The figures were compiled by the Joint Biosecurity Centre for the Government. JBC data is used by ministers to decide whether countries should be ranked green, amber or red under the Covid traffic light travel system.

They downgraded Portugal on Thursday, citing a near doubling of the country’s infection rate and the discovery of the Nepal virus mutation.

The travel industry reacted with fury to the JBC data last night, saying it was proof of the very low risk posed by people arriving from Portugal. It insisted the country should have stayed green.

Separate figures showed that, between May 18 and 24, the seven-day rolling average of new Covid cases per 100,000 of Portugal’s population was 30.2. On May 31, the rate in the UK was 35.9.

A leading epidemiologist said he did not understand the Government’s thinking. Professor Tim Spector, of King’s College London, said: ‘If you travel from London to Manchester at the moment, it’s a much greater risk than going to Portugal, Spain, Italy, France. Are we protecting the Portuguese from problems? Is it that way around? Because, otherwise, I don’t really get it.’

He told Times Radio: ‘We can’t stop variants coming into this country unless we completely lock down the country. I think we just ought to start settling down and dealing with our own outbreaks and not try to have this haphazard travel policy which is causing a lot of fear and confusion.’

It came as more details emerged of the heated Cabinet meeting last week in which Health Secretary Matt Hancock and Transport Secretary Grant Shapps clashed angrily. Mr Hancock is said to have been the driving force behind ministers’ decision to ignore JBC advice that Malta and a list of other islands should be added to the green list.

He is also said to have rejected the idea that Portugal should be put on a ‘watchlist’ rather than immediately turned amber. The watchlist option acts as an early warning sign, designed to give people more time to return home before a country goes fully amber if the Covid data gets worse.

Mr Hancock was said to have been backed by Cabinet Office minister Michael Gove and the Home Office. They also opposed Malta being added to the green list. One Whitehall source claimed Mr Hancock and Mr Shapps had a ‘massive barney’.

Sir David, who also chairs Independent SAGE, added the roll out should be expanded to younger age groups more quickly amid rising cases. 

He said: ‘The Pfizer vaccine has already been given the green light in this country to over 12-year-olds. I think we should run that programme forward quickly.

‘But we’re opening schools today and the Government has said 12 to 18-year-olds no longer need to wear face masks at school – I don’t think that was a wise thing to do and I do hope the Government will rethink this in the light of the current figures.’

He added: ‘Let me ask you, if I may, to ask the Government, are they actually believing in herd immunity amongst school children?

‘Is that why they’re saying, ‘take masks off it’, so that the disease spreads rapidly and they all become immune by having had the disease?

‘If that is a policy, shouldn’t we be honest with the public, and tell us that is the policy?

‘I believe that herd immunity was the policy from the beginning back in February, March last year, so have we returned to that now with the high vaccination level?’

Echoing calls for the jabbing drive to be expanded to younger age groups, Professor Sridhar told Good Morning Britain over-12s would need to be jabbed to prevent further disruption to education.

‘If we want schools to continue without disruption in the autumn and lift restrictions so children can have a normal experience, we need to vaccinate them, and if we wait and watch for the evidence it will be too late in the next few weeks,’ she said.

‘We have the supply – it’s not a large amount, it’s a couple of million doses to cover that population of 12-plus.

‘And we can’t use AstraZeneca – the main supply we have – in younger age groups, so we should export AstraZeneca and help countries abroad, send those doses, as well as focusing on our adolescents to make sure they don’t have another year disrupted, because that would be an absolute shame.’

She added: ‘Children can still get long Covid and can still be chronically ill from this.

‘Given that we know children can transmit, where we are going to see problems going forward is not going to be in care homes, it’s not going to be in hospitals, it’s going to be in schools, because this is where you’re going to see large groups of unvaccinated kids together, and we are going to have outbreaks.

‘We might as well just do it, roll it out in the summer, get those kids covered so secondary schools can go back, normally, this autumn.

‘I think it’d be a huge shame for backing blended learning or having kids doing home learning in the autumn.’

It came as Tory MPs vented their fury at suggestions lockdown easing could be delayed last night, with backbencher Sir Desmond Swayne warning ministers were ‘wasting the advantages afforded by the success of vaccinations’.

He added: ‘The original mission statement was to save lives by protecting the NHS. We’ve done that. The more it moves the goalposts, the more people will be made redundant.’    

Former Tory Cabinet minister David Jones said last night: ‘Matt Hancock has acknowledged that most people in hospital [with Covid-19] have not been vaccinated.

‘The answer is therefore to get as many people as possible vaccinated as quickly as possible.

Genome sequencing almost certainly proves Covid was deliberately made in a Chinese lab before it leaked to the world

Two US experts have penned a damning essay saying the genome sequencing of COVID-19 strongly suggests that the virus was manufactured inside a Chinese laboratory.

Dr. Stephen Quay and Richard Muller, a physics professor at the University of California Berkeley, made the claim in The Wall Street Journal on Sunday, amid growing speculation that the coronavirus leaked from the Wuhan Institute of Virology (WIV).

‘The most compelling reason to favor the lab leak hypothesis is firmly based in science,’ the experts wrote, stating that ‘COVID-19 has a genetic footprint that has never been observed in a natural coronavirus.’

Quay and Muller assert that the Wuhan lab was known for conducting ‘gain-of-function’ research where scientists would ‘intentionally supercharge viruses to increase lethality’.

COVID-19 has the genome sequencing ‘CGG-CGG’ – one of 36 sequencing patterns. That combination is commonly used by scientists in gain-of-function research, but is otherwise considered extremely ‘rare’.

The experts assert that no naturally occurring coronavirus – such as SARS or MERS – has ever had a CGG-CGG combination.

‘The CGG-CGG combination has never been found naturally. That means the common method of viruses picking up new skills, called recombination, cannot operate here,’ they wrote.

‘A virus simply cannot pick up a sequence from another virus if that sequence isn’t present in any other virus.’

The essay comes after an explosive study last week claimed that Chinese scientists created COVID-19 in the Wuhan lab, then tried to cover their tracks by reverse-engineering versions of the virus to make it look like it evolved naturally from bats.

The paper’s authors, British Professor Angus Dalgleish and Norwegian scientist Dr Birger Sørensen, wrote that they have had ‘prima facie evidence of retro-engineering in China’ for a year — but were ignored by academics and major journals.

‘It is not to delay the lifting of lockdown, with the attendant damage to people’s mental and physical wellbeing and to the economy.’ 

Former Cabinet minister Theresa Villiers called on the Government to ‘give us as much freedom as possible’ – with priority given to weddings, events and hospitality.

She said that while ‘most people’ could live with face coverings and some travel restrictions, ‘we’ve got to allow the hospitality business to open up again fully’.

Senior Tory MP Sir Geoffrey Clifton-Brown said there was ‘increasing frustration’ among his colleagues over the restrictions.

He added: ‘We’ve got to be really, really careful about getting panicked about every variant that comes along until we are absolutely sure there is one that is going to defeat the vaccine.’

The MPs’ warnings were echoed by UK Hospitality chief executive Kate Nicholls, who said the ‘ongoing uncertainty’ was causing ‘significant distress’ to the sector, especially as ‘healthcare data does not indicate a need for deviation’.

The evidence ‘demonstrates that the vaccination programme is working and breaking the link between cases and hospitalisations and deaths’, she said. ‘It is crucial that the Government commits to dropping the restrictions on June 21. Any delay in the roadmap would have a devastating effect on an already fragile sector.’

The wedding industry is also desperately seeking clarity on whether the 30-person cap on guests will be removed this month. UK Weddings Taskforce spokesman Sarah Haywood said: ‘It is unacceptable to just say we have to wait because an industry like ours doesn’t have a seven-day ramp-up window – it’s much longer than that.’

While UK cases have been rising in recent weeks, fuelled by the Indian variant, hospital admissions have remained flat. 

Official data shows that Britons who have received two vaccine doses make up less than 5 per cent of those hospitalised with the new strain. And around two-thirds of people attending A&E with the variant do not even need to spend the night in hospital.

Another 5,341 lab-confirmed cases of coronavirus were recorded in the UK yesterday and a further four deaths were announced, down from six a week earlier.

Mr Hancock was asked yesterday whether the removal of restrictions on June 21 could be postponed if data on the Indian variant worsens.

‘We are absolutely open to doing that if that’s what needs to happen,’ he told BBC One’s The Andrew Marr Show.

‘We said in the roadmap that June 21 is the date by which we would not take step four before that date and that we would look at the data. That is exactly what we are doing.’

Asked if the wearing of face coverings and work-from-home measures could continue in the long-term, the Health Secretary added: ‘Yes, I wouldn’t rule that out.’ 

Labour yesterday signalled it could support some restrictions remaining in place.

Education spokesman Kate Green said: ‘If we have to maintain some protective measures beyond June 21, that is what the Government should do, but I think it is really important that it’s a decision taken on the basis of the data.’

Liberal Democrat health spokesman Munira Wilson urged ministers to ‘remain cautious, especially given rising case numbers, and to follow the evidence before making a final decision about opening up’. 

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